EXAMINATION REFORMS AND CONTINUOUS AND COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATION (CCE)C – Continuous C – Comprehensive E – Evaluation
Continuous stands for assessment of a student throughout the year, not just at the end of a term. It may be done formally or in an informal way using different techniques of evaluation .
Comprehensive takes care of assessment of all round development of a child’s personality. A child will be assessed not only in terms of his knowledge about a subject but his participation in other activities also. Broadly, we assess a child’s growth in two areas – Scholastic and Co-scholastic. The term Scholastic refers to those aspects , which are related to intellect or the brain. It is related to the assessment of learners in curricular subjects. It includes assignments, projects, practical etc.
New scheme of evaluationAs a part of this new system, student's marks will be replaced by grades which will be evaluated through a series of curricular and extra-curricular evaluations along with academics. The aim is to reduce the workload on students and to improve the overall skill and ability of the student by means of evaluation of other activities. Grades are awarded to students based on work experience skills, dexterity, innovation, steadiness, teamwork, public speaking, behavior, etc. to evaluate and present an overall measure of the student's ability. This helps the students who are not good in academics to show their talent in other fields such as arts, humanities, sports, music, athletics, etc.
How will the assessment be done ?A school session is divided into two terms: First term – April to September. Second term – October to March. Each term has two Formative Assessments (FA) and one Summative Assessment (SA). Syllabus covered in the first term will not be included in the second term.
Marks and grades
In CCE, the marks obtained in an exam are usually not revealed. However, equivalent grades, which would be deduced using a special method by the teachers during evaluation would be revealed. This is considered as a drawback since a child with 92 marks will get the same grade as the child with 100 marks and their talents cannot be recognized by anyone else other than their teachers. Though this system might have some drawbacks it instills this value that students need to compete with themselves to get a better grade and not with others. The grading system is as follows -
Time Schedule and Weightage
First Term (40%)
- FA I – April to July 10%
- FA 2 – July to Sept. 10%
- SA I – End of Sept. 20%
Second Term (60%)
- FA 3 – Oct. to Dec. 10%
- FA 4 – Dec. to Feb. 10%
- SA 2 – End of March 40%
FOR STUDENTS PRESENT IN CLASS IX
Since we have only second term in hand, we will take the 40% weightage from WT I and Mid Year Examination.
FA 3 includes :
- WT 2
- Home work
- Class work
- Group Activity/Experiments
- Individual Activity
- FA 4 will be conducted on the similar lines.
- Syllabus for SA 2 (March 2010) is available on CBSE website and known to students also.
FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT (FA)
Formative assessment includes all types of tests, formal and informal. Assessment can be done during the teaching process or after completing a unit. It includes :
- Class work
- Home work
- Oral tests
- Group discussion
- Group activity
SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT (SA)
This is the most traditional way of testing that is paper pen test based on the curriculum taught during the specified time period. The question paper of SA will be set by the CBSE.
The centre of examination will be the child’s own school. Answer sheets will be checked by the school teachers.
The performance of a child in scholastic area will be assessed in terms of marks. Marks will be known to the student but his report card will show grades only. Marks will be converted into grades as per following pattern :
|Marks Range||Grade||Grade Point|
Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), New Delhi has recently issued a teacher's manual on CCE for class 9 and class 10. From the current session 2009-2010, this new scheme of (CCE) continuous and comprehensive evaluation is being implemented in class 9th and the same will be implemented in class 10th too from next session i.e. 2010-2011. CCE is a continuous and comprehensive evaluation that aimed at evaluating performance on the basis of end term examinations and on academics, co-curricular sports etc on a regular basis. In this new grading system, CBSE board will not conduct board exams for class 10 and the school authorities will be issued a certificate of school as per the guidelines given by CBSE board.
The proposed Certificate of School Based Assessment will be divided into three parts:
1. Part 1 will consist of Scholastic areas
The academic performance of the learner in the classes 9th and 10th will reflect in the form of grades and percentile rank. During a year, two terms have been suggested, term 1 from April to September and term 2 from October to March for classes 9th and class 10th. Each term will carry two formative and one summative assessment. The grading scale for scholastic domain will be a nine point scale based on direct grading.
2. Part 2 will comprise of co-scholastic areas which include Life-Skills and attitudes and values.
A five point grading scale for assessment in Life-Skills and a three point scale for assessment in attitudes and values have been proposed.
3. Part 3 consists of co-scholastic activities which include participation in Literary, Scientific, aesthetic and Club activities.
Under this head , second sub-section includes Health and Physical Education. It is proposed that students will access on a three point scale in all these areas.
Evaluation of Scholastic areas
Each term will carry two Formative assessments and one Summative assessment for the evaluation of Scholastic areas.
Formative Assessment: Formative assessment is a tool that will be used by the teacher to continuously monitor student progress in a non-threatening as well as supportive environment. If used effectively, it can improve the performance of a student tremendously while raising the self esteem of the child and reducing the work load of the teacher. Some of the great features of Formative assessment are that it is diagnostic and remedial that provides effective feedback to students and allows for the active involvement of students in their own learning, enables teachers for adjusting teaching to take account of the results of assessment and recognizes the profound influence that assessment has on the motivation and self-esteem of students, both of which are crucial influences in learning. It is advisable that the school should not restrict the Formative assessment to only a paper-pencil test. There are other means of testing for e.g. through quizzes, interviews, conversations, visual testing, oral testing, projects, practicals and assignments. For the current year, there will be only two Formative assessments for Class IX for the (remaining) second term. It is advised that the Schools may conduct more than two such assessments and take the best two out of those. Assessments done periodically will be shown to the students or parents for encouraging continuous participatory improvement.
Summative Assessment: The Summative assessment is the terminal assessment of performance at the end of instruction. Under the end term Summative assessment, the students will be tested internally that will based on the following criteria:-
a) Curriculum and Syllabus for Classes IX will be the same as circulated by the CBSE Board earlier.
b) The Summative assessment will be in the form of a pen-paper test that is conducted by the schools themselves. It will be conducted at the end of each term.
c) In order to ensure standardization, and to ensure uniformity, the Question Banks in different subjects for generating question papers will be forwarded by the Board to schools in March 2010.
d) In order to cater to difference in the pace of responding, the Schools will give flexible timing to the students during end term Summative assessment.
e) For the current year, there will be only one term end Summative assessment for the (remaining) second term to be conducted in March 2010 for Class IX students.
f) Evaluation of answer scripts will be done by the school Teachers themselves on the basis of the Marking Scheme provided by the Board.
g) There will be random verification of the assessments procedures carried on by schools by the Board officials/nominees appointed by the Board.
The Weightage of Formative Assessment (FA) and Summative Assessment (SA) will be as follows:
However, considering that CCE has been introduced in middle of the academic year, it will only be implemented for the second term for Class IX. The schools have the choice to implement one of the following for this academic year: